Although the railways handled most long-distance transport, and many rural districts lacked petrol stations and even roads, motor vehicles played an increasingly important role in the distribution of people, produce, materiel and other supplies. In 1956 the first Chinese-built truck, the Jiefang (Liberation) CA-10 was produced in Changchun. In 1958 a second model, the Yuejin (Leap Forward) NJ-130, rolled off a production line in Nanjing.

The two trucks looked very similar, with the front of the Yuejin being more angular. By the mid-1960s these vehicles had become ubiquitous.

newtruck truck3 truck P1030540

35mm   3.8g

h. 41 mm  w. 39 mm    6.0g

h.  23mm  w. 16mm   1.4g

Brochure illustration of the Yuejin 2½-ton truck

nanjing-yueyin-china-6 likely from a factory broch

A Jiefang truck with distinctively rounded front mudguards

truckbridge 10th natcong trucktrain

40mm   5.6g

45mm   8.0g

Some badges illustrate the role of trucks in an integrated transport system.


Above left: crossing a bridge with a riverboat beneath, issued by Guangxi Communications Department Revolutionary Leadership Team


Above Right: paired with a locomotive, issued by the Military Heavy Transport Revolutionary Committee


Left: workhorse of revolution - a rather traffic-worn Jiefang truck spreading the good news of the 10th National Congress in a shipyard.